“GOOD-LOOKING”: PHYSICAL ATTRACTIVENESS AND EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION IN LATIN AMERICA, THE ECUADORIAN CASE.

Julio E. Gordillo Z., Christian J. Fernández O., Ramón P. Cárdenas J., Diego F. Roldán A.

Abstract


This paper explores a relationship between job discrimination and physical attractiveness on jobs seekers in the main cities of Ecuador (Quito, Guayaquil and Cuenca).  Following the experimental methodology called Audit Study, several resumes of people were sent to potential employers with the same work and academic backgrounds except for their photographs, which received a qualification of physical attractiveness -determined as such by panel of independent auditors-. The objective is to measure changes in response rates.  According to results, employers in Ecuador value applicants more according to their physical attractiveness rather than their skills or academic background for a job, which can carry consequences in terms of efficiency and productivity.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Agthe, M., Spörrle, M., & Maner, J. K. (2011). Does Being Attractive Always Help? Positive and Negative Effects of Attractiveness on Social Decision Making. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 37(8), 1042–1054. https://doi.org/10.1177/0146167211410355

Bertrand, M., & Mullainathan, S. (2004). Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination. American Economic Review, 94(4), 991–1013. https://doi.org/10.1257/0002828042002561

Biddle, J. E., & Hamermesh, D. S. (1998). Beauty, Productivity, and Discrimination: Lawyers’ Looks and Lucre. Journal of Labor Economics, 16(1), 172–201. https://doi.org/10.1086/209886

Dávila Chiriboga, E. J. (2016). Discriminación Laboral causada por los orígenes étnicos. Retrieved from http://repositorio.usfq.edu.ec/handle/23000/5968

Galarza, F. B., & Yamada, G. (2014). Labor market discrimination in Lima, Peru: Evidence from a field experiment. World Development. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.01.003

Horcajo, J., Briñol, P., & Becerra, A. (2009). Los efectos de la activación de estereotipos sobre la evaluación de candidatos en un contexto experimental de selección de personal. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicologia, 41(2), 349–359.

Lanas Medina, E. (2010). Foro : revista de derecho.Retrieved from http://repositorio.uasb.edu.ec/handle/10644/2978

Neumark, D. (1988). Employers’ Discriminatory Behavior and the Estimation of Wage Discrimination. Journal of Human Resources, 23(3), 279–295. Retrieved from https://econpapers.repec.org/article/uwpjhriss/v_3a23_3ay_3a1988_3ai_3a3_3ap_3a279-295.htm

Oaxaca, R. (1973). Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets. International Economic Review, 14(3), 693. https://doi.org/10.2307/2525981

Ruffle, B., & Shtudiner, Z. (2010). Are Good-Looking People More Employable? Retrieved from https://econpapers.repec.org/paper/bguwpaper/1006.htm

Sanhueza, C. Y., Bravo, R., & Giusti, O. (2008). La Belleza y su Efecto en el Mercado Laboral: Evidencia para Chile. Retrieved from https://econpapers.repec.org/paper/ilailades/inv204.htm

Solano-Gómez, Á., & Smith-Castro, V. (2017). Effects of Sex and Attractiveness in Hiring Decisions: An Experimental Study. Universitas Psychologica, 16(1), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javeriana.upsy16-1.eafs

Torresano Melo, D. I. (2009). Análisis empírico de discriminación salarial en el Ecuador por género y etnia para el año 2008. Retrieved from http://repositorio.educacionsuperior.gob.ec/handle/28000/1688

Vera Rojas, P. (2006). La discriminación en los procesos de selección de personal. Retrieved from https://www.worldcat.org/title/discriminacion-en-los-procesos-de-seleccion-de-personal/oclc/435511196


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License

All the articles published in JSEG are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.